WHAT CAUSED THE TWO WORLD WARS?

WORLD WARWorld War I raged from 1914 to 1918 and was known as the “Great War,” or the “War to End All Wars ” The rigidity of the various world alliances is often cited as the primary cause of the war.

 The Austrian government was worried about its national security because of the increase in territory claimed by the Serbs as a result of the Balkan wars of 1912 and 1913, fearing that Russia would back Serbia in the latter’s attempt to annex the Slavic areas of Austria Then, on June 28, 1914, Franz Ferdinand, who was heir to the Austro-Hungarian throne, was assassinated in Sarajevo by a Bosnian Serb student As a result of this, the Austria–Hungary alliance, with German backing, demanded that the Serbian government do a number of unrealistic things The Serbians would not comply with all the demands, and so Austria–Hungary declared war, at which point the Russian government, who had pledged to uphold Serbian independence, mobilized its forces Germany consequentlyBelgium on August 4, which prompted Britain, who had guaranteed the independence of Belgium, to declare war on Germany.

 World War II, meanwhile, was a global war that began in 1939 and ended in 1945, the cause of which is rooted in the outcome of World War I, as well as the Great Depression of the 1930s On their defeat during World War I, the German leaders were compelled to sign the Treaty of Versailles, which saw their country lose most of its territories and have its military restricted, while the country was also forced to make war reparations As a direct result of this, Germany entered a period of severe unemployment, a time of social unrest that saw the rise to prominence of the Nazi Party under Adolf Hitler, who united the country under a  nationalist banner and later formed an alliance with Italy’s fascist rulerMussolini Hitler defied the conditions of the Versailles Treaty and rebuilt the German military before embarking on a program of expansion for the German Empire, occupying the demilitarized Rhineland bordering France At this point,France and Great Britain used appeasement and diplomacy to maintain peace, but Germany went on to annex Austria and then Czechoslovakia When Hitler’s forces later invaded Poland on September 1, 1939, the Allies declared war Japan eventually entered the war on the side of Germany, while the U S entered in 1941 after the Japanese attack on PearlWORLD WAR Harbor on the Allies’ side.

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